Shot Peening

Enhancing Performance and Reliability: Shot Peening for Gas Turbine Components

Shot peening is a vital surface treatment for gas turbine components. It involves bombarding the surface with tiny, high-velocity metallic particles to induce compressive stresses.

This process enhances component strength, durability, and resistance to fatigue and stress corrosion cracking, ultimately ensuring reliable performance in demanding gas turbine environments.

What is Shot Peening?

Shot peening is a critical surface treatment process used in the manufacturing and maintenance of gas turbine components.

It involves bombarding the component's surface with small spherical metal particles, known as shots, using high-velocity air or wheel turbines. The purpose of shot peening is to induce compressive residual stresses in the material, enhancing its mechanical properties and resistance to fatigue and stress corrosion cracking.

During the process, the shots create multiple indentations on the surface, which in turn create localized controlled plastic deformation.This deformation introduces compressive stresses to the surface, counteracting tensile stresses that may develop during turbine operation. By introducing compressive stresses, shot peening improves the component's fatigue life, reducing the risk of premature failure.

To achieve desired results, shot peening parameters such as shot size, intensity, coverage, and peening angle are carefully selected based on the component's material, geometry, and operating conditions. Additionally, monitoring techniques like Almen strip testing and residual stress measurement methods ensure the process meets the specified requirements and quality standards.

Shot peening is a widely adopted technique for gas turbine components as it significantly enhances their durability and reliability, enabling optimal performance and extended service life in demanding operational environments.

Advantages of Shot Peening

Advantages of shot peening for gas turbine components include: enhanced fatigue resistance, increased surface hardness, improved resistance to corrosion and erosion, enhanced dimensional stability, reduced stress concentrations, improved load-bearing capacity, increased component lifespan, reduced crack initiation and propagation, enhanced reliability, improved performance, and better overall efficiency.


  • Fatigue resistance
  • Corrosion fatigue resistance

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FAQ: Shot Peening for Gas Turbine Components

Shot peening is a surface treatment process that involves bombarding gas turbine components with small spherical particles, or "shots," at high velocities.

Shot peening improves the fatigue life and durability of gas turbine components by inducing compressive residual stresses, enhancing their resistance to fatigue failure and stress corrosion cracking.

The shots create multiple indentations on the component's surface, causing localized plastic deformation. This process induces compressive stresses, which counteract the tensile stresses generated during turbine operation.

Critical gas turbine components such as blades, vanes, disks, and shafts can benefit from shot peening to enhance their strength, fatigue resistance, and service life.

Shot peening can increase the fatigue life of gas turbine components, improve their resistance to stress corrosion cracking, enhance their load-carrying capacity, and reduce the risk of premature failures.

Shot peening has limitations regarding the size and accessibility of the components. Complex geometries or surfaces that are difficult to access may pose challenges for effective shot peening.

Shot peening is applicable to various materials, including nickel-based alloys, titanium alloys, stainless steels, and superalloys commonly used in gas turbine components.

Yes, shot peening is a widely accepted and standard industry practice for improving the performance and reliability of gas turbine components.

Shot peening quality is ensured through process parameters control, shot size and shape selection, proper coverage, and intensity verification using techniques such as Almen strip testing.